5 edition of Agricultural productivity in the Socialist countries found in the catalog.
|Series||Westview special studies in agriculture science and policy|
|LC Classifications||HD1415 .W54 1986|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvii, 195 p. :|
|Number of Pages||195|
|LC Control Number||86001539|
Advances in agricultural productivity have led to abundant and affordable food and fiber throughout most of the developed world. Public and private agricultural research has been the foundation and basis for much of this growth and development. ERS data, research, and analyses quantify agricultural productivity improvements and the sources of improvement, in the U.S. and globally. Agricultural Productivity Diﬀerences Across Countries By DouglasGollin,DavidLagakosand Michael E. Waugh∗ Economists have long recognized that cross-country diﬀerences in aggregate la-bor productivity are enormous. Recently, Caselli () and Restuccia, Yang and Zhu (), among others, have shown that these diﬀerences have a strong Cited by:
Import substitution industrialization (ISI) is a trade and economic policy which advocates replacing foreign imports with domestic production. ISI is based on the premise that a country should attempt to reduce its foreign dependency through the local production of industrialized products. The term primarily refers to 20th-century development economics policies, although it has been advocated. led to missed estimates of overall agricultural productivity and its driving factors. This review relies as much as possible on studies and papers that have focused on developing countries, providing concrete examples of the implementation of productivity and efficiency Size: 1MB.
the formation of socialist production relations in the countryside, a key element in the building of socialism. The socialist transformation of agriculture assumes, on the one hand, the establishment of large state agricultural enterprises and, on the other, the gradual consolidation of small individual peasant farms into large collective socialist farms. The results show that half the countries have experienced negative productivity growth, due to losses in technical efficiency combined with stagnation in technological progress. Both cross‐section and time series tests show that there is no evidence of convergence in agricultural productivity for these by:
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Genre/Form: Case studies: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Wong, Lung-Fai. Agricultural productivity in the Socialist countries. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.
Get this from a library. Agricultural productivity in the Socialist countries. [Lung-Fai Wong] -- With the emergence of collectivization, the communal movement, and the food crisis, the development of agriculture in socialist countries has become a topic of great interest to economists.
Focusing. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Agricultural Productivity in the Socialist Countries by Lung-Fai Wong (, Paperback) at the best online prices at. Socialist Models of Development covers the theories and principles in socialism development.
This book discusses the social evolution of different countries and the historical backgrounds that influence such evolution. The opening sections deal with the socialism and economic appraisal of Burma, Iraq, Syria, Tanzania, and Africa.
These topics are followed by discussions of the prospects and. Agricultural Productivity for Sustainable Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa Keith D.
Wiebe, Meredith J. Soule and David E. Schimmelpfennig 1. This study examines trends in agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa, identifying sources of growth as well as bottlenecks to growth.
The recent increase of food purchases by socialist countries in the international market has renewed this interest. In particular, the production efficiency of socialist agriculture has drawn the concern of economists, their conclusions, however, are by: 7. agricultural productivity under socialism table 4.
Labour productivity in the USSR relative to the USA (%) In industry In agriculture 20 >55 Source: V. Kudrov, 'Sovremennyi etap ekonomicheskogo sorevnovaniya dvukh mirovykh sistem', Izvestiya Akademii auk SSSR: Seriya Cited by: Agricultural Investment, Production Capacity and Productivity Lydia Zepeda.
This chapter provides an overview of current economic thinking on some aspects of agricultural investment and productivity, especially in the context of developing countries.
accounts, this “agricultural productivity gap” (APG) is ar ound a factor of four in developing coun-tries, on average. In many poor countries the gaps are even higher, with a number of countries having gaps above ten.
These large agricultural productivity gaps have several. Definition: Agriculture value added per worker is a measure of agricultural productivity. Value added in agriculture measures the output of the agricultural sector (ISIC divisions ) less the value of intermediate inputs.
Agriculture comprises value added from forestry, hunting, and fishing as well as cultivation of crops and livestock.
Socialist Models of Development covers the theories and principles in socialism development. This book discusses the social evolution of different countries and the historical backgrounds that influence such evolution. The opening sections deal with the socialism and economic appraisal of Burma, Iraq, Syria, Tanzania, and Africa.
The book is primarily a bout land policies and farming structures as components of institutional change in the rural sector in transition countries -- the former socialist countries of Europe and. The republic was governed by the Communist Party of Ukraine as a unitary one-party socialist soviet republic.
The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations, although it was legally represented by the All-Union state in its affairs with countries outside of the Soviet l: Kharkiv (–), Kiev (–).
Agricultural Productivity: Measurement and Sources of Growth addresses measurement issues and techniques in agricultural productivity analysis, applying those techniques to recently published data sets for American agriculture.
The data sets are used to estimate and explain state level productivity and efficiency differences, and to test different approaches to productivity measurement. estimate agricultural productivity.
o Identify research gaps and make recommendations. Agricultural productivity in South Africa Historical overview Total agricultural productivity The trend of agricultural productivity in South Africa is traced back from However, this report will discuss the problem of low agricultural productivity and the world challenge, the main natural-human causes of decline in agricultural productivity including lack of water resources, the harmful effects of decline in agricultural productivity and the effects in our environment, and the ways that can improve and support.
Industrial agriculture, along with subsistence agriculture, is the most significant driver of deforestation in tropical and subtropical countries, accounting for 80% of deforestation from The current contribution of agriculture to deforestation varies by region, with industrial agriculture being responsible for 30% of deforestation.
Estimates of productivity growth in the U.S. farm sector forand estimates of the growth/relative levels of productivity across States for Note: Updates of the State-level statistics are suspended. (Quality of national statistics is preserved.). Agricultural development is thus a field of many disciplines, but economics has provided the main intellectual framework for analysis of what policies to follow that will speed the process of raising rural productivity and well-being.
This four volume collection of seminal readings is therefore rooted in the economics of agricultural development. and /06, for example, agricultural production increased by just over 50% for the continent.
But some countries did much better. Indeed, if all the countries in the world with more than 1 million inhabitants are ranked by their agricultural growth over this period, then ten out of File Size: 1MB.
The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.
Incorporated as a not-for-profit foundation inand headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Forum is tied to no political, partisan or national interests.The Agricultural Productivity Gap in Developing Countries In a mechanical sense, the di erences in sectoral productivity can explain" a great deal of cross-country di erences in GDP per worker.
(Caselli, ; Restuccia et al, ; Vollrath, ) akTen at face value, gaps suggest by: countries of Eastern Europe, and China. In addition to an unfavorable physical and climatic environment common to all agricultural producers, the problems in socialist agriculture are exacerbated by the lack of incentives, the lack of capital resources and, at times, by the adverse political climate within which the agriculture operates.